Pursuing the Unity of Science: Ideology and Scientific by Harmke Kamminga,Geert Somsen

By Harmke Kamminga,Geert Somsen

From 1918 to the overdue Forties, a bunch of influential scientists and intellectuals in Europe and North the United States have been engaged in a few far-reaching harmony of technology tasks. during this interval of deep social and political divisions, scientists collaborated to unify sciences throughout disciplinary barriers and to establish the foreign medical neighborhood as a version for international political co-operation. They strove to align medical and social goals via rational making plans and to advertise unified technological know-how because the driver of human civilization and growth. This quantity explores the cohesion of technology circulate, supplying an artificial view of its ambitions and putting it in its historic context as a systematic and political strength. via a coherent set of unique case experiences the importance of assorted tasks and techniques of unification, the e-book highlights the good number of manifestations of this endeavour. those diversity from unifying nuclear physics to the evolutionary synthesis, and from the democratization of medical making plans to the utopianism of H.G. Wells's global country. while, the gathering brings out the significant hyperlinks among those various objectives, specifically within the kind of interconnected networks of unification and the alignment of goals between them. particularly, it indicates that competition to fascism, utilizing the tool of unified technological know-how, grew to become the main pressing universal aim within the Nineteen Thirties and Nineteen Forties. In addressing those matters, the ebook makes noticeable vital ancient advancements, displaying how scientists participated in, and actively helped to create, an interwar ideology of unification, and bringing to mild the cultural and political importance of this enterprise.

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Elise Boulding: Autobiographical Writings and Selections by J Russell Boulding

By J Russell Boulding

This quantity honors the lifetime fulfillment of special activist and student Elise Boulding (1920–2010) at the party of her 96th birthday. referred to as the “matriarch” of the 20th century peace learn move, she made major contributions within the fields of peace schooling, destiny stories, feminism, and sociology of the kin, in addition to serving as a famous chief within the peace circulation and the Society of pals. She taught on the collage of Colorado, Boulder from 1967 to 1978 and at Dartmouth university from 1978 to 1985, and used to be instrumental within the improvement of peace experiences courses at either these associations. She used to be a co-founder of the foreign Peace learn organization (1964), the Consortium on Peace study schooling and improvement (1970), and diverse peace and women’s factor similar committees and dealing teams of the yank Sociological organization and overseas Sociological Association.

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The Story of the Earth in 25 Rocks: Tales of Important by Donald R. Prothero

By Donald R. Prothero

each rock is a tangible hint of the earth’s prior. In The tale of the Earth in 25 Rocks, Donald R. Prothero tells the interesting tales at the back of the discoveries that shook the rules of geology. In twenty-five chapters—each a few specific rock, outcrop, or geologic phenomenon—Prothero recounts the clinical detective paintings that took us from the unearthing of exemplary specimens to tectonic shifts in how we view our planet and history.

Prothero follows within the footsteps of the scientists who asked—and answered—geology’s greatest questions: How will we understand how previous the earth is? What occurred to the supercontinent Pangea? How did ocean rocks prove on the most sensible of Mount Everest? What will we find out about our planet from meteorites and moon rocks? The tale of the Earth in 25 Rocks solutions those questions via expertly selected case reports, equivalent to Pliny the Elder’s firsthand account of the eruption of Vesuvius; the granite outcrops that led a Scottish scientist to theorize that the landscapes he witnessed have been a long way older than Noah’s Flood; the gypsum deposits below the Mediterranean Sea that point out that it used to be a barren region; and the way attempting to date the age of meteorites published the risks of lead poisoning. every one of those breakthroughs crammed in a section of the puzzle that's the earth, with medical discoveries dovetailing with one another to provide more and more reliable proof of the geologic earlier. Summarizing a wealth of knowledge in an pleasing, approachable sort, The tale of the Earth in 25 Rocks is key analyzing for the armchair geologist, the rock hound, and all who're interested by the earth underneath their feet.

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Ockham's Razors: A User's Manual by Elliott Sober

By Elliott Sober

Ockham's razor, the main of parsimony, states that less complicated theories are higher than theories which are extra advanced. It has a historical past relationship again to Aristotle and it performs a major function in present physics, biology, and psychology. The razor additionally will get used outdoor of technology – in way of life and in philosophy. This e-book evaluates the main and discusses its many functions. interesting examples from various domain names supply a wealthy foundation for considering the principle's grants and perils. it's seen that easier theories are appealing and straightforward to appreciate; the difficult challenge is to determine why the simplicity of a thought might be correct to announcing what the realm is like. during this publication, the ABCs of chance concept are succinctly constructed and placed to paintings to explain 'parsimony paradigms' during which this challenge could be solved.

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Natural Kinds and Conceptual Change (Cambridge Studies in by Joseph LaPorte

By Joseph LaPorte

in response to the obtained culture, the language used to to consult ordinary forms in clinical discourse is still reliable at the same time theories approximately those forms are sophisticated. during this illuminating publication, Joseph LaPorte argues that scientists don't notice that sentences approximately typical types, like 'Whales are mammals, no longer fish', are actual instead of fake. in its place, scientists locate that those sentences have been imprecise within the language of past audio system they usually refine the meanings of the correct natural-kind phrases to make the sentences actual. for this reason, scientists swap the that means of those phrases, This conclusions activates LaPorte to envision the results of this modification in that means for the problem of incommensurability and for the growth of technological know-how. This publication will entice scholars within the philosophy of technological know-how, the philosophy of biology and the philosophy of language.

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The Politics of Knowledge in Central Asia: Science between by Sarah Amsler

By Sarah Amsler

Through cautious historic and ethnographic learn and wide use of neighborhood scholarly works, this booklet presents a persuasive and cautious research of the construction of information in vital Asia. the writer demonstrates that classical theories of technology and society are insufficient for realizing the technology venture in crucial Asia. as a substitute, a severe realizing of neighborhood technological know-how is extra appropriate.

In the area, the pro and political ethos of Marxism-Leninism was once included into the common sense of technological know-how at the outer edge of the Soviet empire. This publication unearths that technological know-how, organizes and built by means of Soviet rule, was once additionally outlined by way of person efforts of neighborhood scientists. Their paintings to set up themselves ‘between Marx and the marketplace’ is consequently growing new political economies of data on the fringe of the clinical global system.

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The Meaning of Life: Religious, Philosophical, by John G. Messerly

By John G. Messerly

The that means of existence: spiritual, Philosophical, Transhumanist, and medical views is the 1st ebook to summarize the writings of the real modern theologians, philosophers, and scientists at the query of the which means of existence. furthermore the booklet bargains with the relevance of loss of life for the query besides the large significance that the aptitude clinical removal of dying may have for humanity’s challenge relating to which means. eventually the ebook considers the query within the context of cosmic evolution and deep time, delivering in any case a solution to the query of no matter if lifestyles is or isn't really finally meaningful.

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The Territories of Science and Religion by Peter Harrison

By Peter Harrison

The clash among technology and faith turns out indelible, even everlasting. definitely such divergent perspectives of the universe have continuously been in fierce competition? really, that’s now not the case, says Peter Harrison: our very innovations of technological know-how and faith are quite fresh, rising basically long ago 300 years, and it's these very different types, instead of their underlying techniques, that constrain our knowing of ways the formal research of nature pertains to the non secular life.

In The Territories of technological know-how and Religion, Harrison dismantles what we predict we all know concerning the different types, then places all of it again jointly back in a provocative, effective new method. through tracing the background of those strategies for the 1st time in parallel, he illuminates replacement obstacles and little-known family members among them—thereby making it attainable for us to profit from their precise historical past, and notice different attainable ways in which clinical examine and the spiritual lifestyles could relate to, impact, and at the same time enhance every one other.

A journey de strength by means of a special student operating on the top of his powers, The Territories of technology and Religion delivers to endlessly adjust the best way we predict approximately those primary pillars of human lifestyles and experience.

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The NATO Committee on the Challenges of Modern Society, by Evanthis Hatzivassiliou

By Evanthis Hatzivassiliou

This ebook is the 1st entire learn of the constructing and early improvement of the NATO Committee at the demanding situations of recent Society (CCMS), or the alliance’s environmental programme. This enlargement of allied cooperation is an engaging indicator of transatlantic family in the course of an period of transition and less than the impression of Richard Nixon and Henry Kissinger’s international relations. The e-book discusses intra-NATO politics, the initiatives of the early years and the participation in CCMS tasks of non-NATO nations – an strange function within the job of an army alliance. Environmental cooperation in NATO was once a part of the alterations which clinical cooperation was once effecting within the overseas procedure throughout the access into the post-industrial period. The making of the CCMS is the tale of a trouble of adjustment to the recent period, of hiccups in transatlantic relationships, yet finally additionally a narrative of transatlantic solidarity. The ebook may be of a lot curiosity to scholars of NATO, the chilly warfare, foreign and environmental historical past, background of technological know-how and overseas relations.

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