Zimbabwe. Von der Kolonisation zur by Coskun Tözen

By Coskun Tözen

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 1998 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Afrika, observe: sehr intestine, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover (Historisches Seminar), Veranstaltung: Dekolonisation und Siedlergesellschaft in Kenia und Zimbabwe, 25 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Diese Hausarbeit behandelt den Dekolonisationsprozess in der ehemaligen britischen Kolonie Südrhodesien, das nach einem langjährigen Guerillakrieg am 18. April 1980 als Zimbabwe die legale Unabhängigkeit erlangt hat. Nach einer Reihe gescheiterter regionaler und internationaler Verhandlungsbemühungen, führten die Lancaster apartment Verhandlungen vom 10. September - 21. Dezember 1979 schließlich zur erfolgreichen politisch-konstitutionellen Dekolonisation auf der foundation einer Unabhängigkeitsverfassung.
Diese Arbeit hat das Ziel, die Konfliktlinien und den Verlauf des Konfliktprozesses herauszuarbeiten und aufzuzeigen, aus welchen Gründen erst die Lancaster residence Verhandlungen zu einer Verhandlungslösung führten. Dabei ist es notwendig, nicht nur die historische Entwicklung und den Konfliktverlauf im ehemaligen Südrhodesien zu betrachten, sondern auch die regionalen und internationalen Interdependenzen und Entwicklungen zu berücksichtigen, ohne die der zimbabwesche Konflikt nicht erfassbar ist.
Die Arbeit ist in vier Kapitel gegliedert. Das erste Kapitel behandelt die vorkoloniale part Zimbabwes, die Gesellschaftsformation der shona-sprechenden Gruppen und die Hauptentwicklungen im 19. Jahrhundert. Im nächsten Kapitel wird auf die koloniale Transformation der gesellschaftlichen Verhältnisse eingegangen, die mit der Okkupation des heutigen Zimbabwe durch die von Cecil Rhodes gegründete Aktiengesellschaft BSAC (British South Africa corporation) einherging.
Das dritte Kapitel stellt den Verlauf und die schwierige Durchsetzbarkeit der internationalen Sanktionen dar, die als Reaktion auf die vom Smith-Regime erklärte einseitige und völkerrechtswidrige Unabhängigkeit Südrhodesiens erlassen wurden. Ferner wird die Umsetzung und die zahlreichen Umgehungen der UN-Sanktionsbeschlüsse am Beispiel der BRD verdeutlicht. Das vierte Kapitel konzentriert sich weitgehend auf die Verhandlungen im Lancaster residence, die durch einen intensivierten Guerillakrieg und nach den Erfahrungswerten vorangegangener Verhandlungsbemühungen letztlich erfolgreich abgeschlossen wurden. Die Untersuchung der Verhandlungspositionen und -strategien der jeweiligen Konfliktparteien erfolgt mit Hilfe des Konfliktlösungssystems von M. Tamarkin, der examine des Konfliktes durch S.J. Stedman und der umfangreichen Dokumentensammlung G. Baumhöggers für die Jahre 1975 bis 1980.

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Democratic Republic of Congo Art and Culture: History, by Louis Rwagasore

By Louis Rwagasore

artwork and tradition of Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) Congo surroundings. earlier than experiencing radical alterations within the colonial period, Congolese societies had already skilled significant disruptions. From the fifteenth to the seventeenth century a number of vital nation structures advanced within the southern savanna quarter. crucial have been the Kongo country within the west and the Luba-Lunda states within the east. They constructed complex political associations, buttressed by means of symbolic kingship and army strength. strength emanated from the capital to outlying components via appointed chiefs or neighborhood extended family heads. festival for the kingship frequently resulted in civil strife, even if, and, with the increase of the slave exchange, new resources of instability inspired neighborhood politics. The background of the Kongo peoples within the sixteenth century.
Amazon key-phrase: Democratic Republic of Congo, Congo DRC, Democratic Republic of Congo artwork and tradition, Democratic Republic of Congo background, Democratic Republic of Congo clash, Democratic Republic of Congo crises, Democratic Republic of Congo booklet

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Beyond Colonialism and Nationalism in the Maghrib: History, by A. Ahmida

By A. Ahmida

The participants reconsider the background of colonial and nationalist different types and analyses of the Maghrib. Their target is to discover the ambiguities, disasters, and silences synthetic by way of colonial and nationalist scholarships and current substitute thoughts and scholarship to the learn of heritage, tradition, and state-society kin within the Maghrib throughout the 19th and 20th centuries. although the individuals come from diversified disciplines and views - even if political technological know-how, heritage, or sociology - they percentage a severe view of the background of the Maghrib, they usually process Maghribi societies now not as a footnote to Europe and capitalism, yet inside its personal dynamics.

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Fraud at the Hague-Bakassi: Why Nigeria’s Bakassi Territory by Adebayo Adeolu

By Adebayo Adeolu

%Fraud on the Hague-Bakassi examines how the 9-11 assaults on the US affected many nations world wide. The energy of the fundamentalist Islamic teams brought on the battle on terror, which unnerved many nations all over the world. To counter this, President George W. Bush started the invasion of the 2 Arab nations Afghanistern and Iraq with out approval at the latter. The invasion had an influence on foreign politics within the ecu Union simply because they felt threatened by way of the USA assertion of the conflict on terrorism.

The usa is the single superpower that confirmed any curiosity in developing army bases in Africa, in particular within the Bakassi quarter in Africa. The stream used to be no longer welcome in Europe as the Bakassi was once a strategic area situated in Nigeria thatwas a forbidden sector for any superpower to occupy. according to this encroachment by means of the U.S., the realm court docket within the Hague, in a debatable choice, ceded the territory to Cameroon—thus finishing the Cameroon as opposed to Nigeria dispute over the Bakassi peninsula area. This determination successfully and intentionally stored the U.S. out of the sector, however it additionally disadvantaged Nigeria of a zone that had belonged to it for centuries—from prior to even the Europeans arrived in Africa.

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America, the UN and Decolonisation: Cold War Conflict in the by John Kent

By John Kent

This ebook examines the function of the UN in clash solution in Africa within the Sixties and its relation to the chilly War.



Focussing at the Congo, this publication indicates how the renovation of the prevailing financial and social order within the Congo was once a key aspect within the decolonisation procedure and the combating of the chilly conflict. It hyperlinks the foreign features of British, Belgian, Angolan and vital African Federation involvement with the jobs of the U.S. and UN so that it will know how provides to and gains from the Congo have been generating transforming into African difficulties. this huge vital African state performed a necessary, if now not absolutely understood position, within the chilly struggle and proved to be a desirable instance of complicated African difficulties of decolonisation interacting with foreign forces, in ways in which printed very much in regards to the difficulties inherent in colonialism and its end.



This booklet can be of a lot curiosity to scholars people international coverage, the UN, chilly battle background and foreign heritage often.



 

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No Condition Is Permanent: The Social Dynamics of Agrarian by Sara S. Berry

By Sara S. Berry

“No is permanent,” a well-liked West African slogan, expresses Sara S. Berry’s subject: the stumbling blocks to African agrarian improvement by no means remain the same.  Her publication explores the advanced means African economic system and society are tied to problems with land and exertions, providing a comparative research of agrarian switch in 4 rural economies in sub-Saharan Africa, together with that skilled lengthy classes of increasing peasant creation for export (southern Ghana and southwestern Nigeria), a settler economic system (central Kenya), and a rural exertions reserve (northeastern Zambia). 

    The assets on hand to African farmers have replaced dramatically over the process the 20th century.  Berry asserts that the methods assets are got and used are formed not just by means of  the incorporation of a rural zone into colonial (later nationwide) and international political economies, but in addition through conflicts over tradition, energy, and estate inside and past rural communities.  through tracing some of the debates over rights to assets and their results on agricultural construction and farmers’ makes use of of source of revenue, Berry offers agrarian swap as a chain of on-going tactics instead of a collection of discrete “successes” and “failures.” 

    No situation Is Permanent enriches the dialogue of agrarian improvement via exhibiting how  multidisciplinary experiences of neighborhood agrarian background can constructively give a contribution to improvement policy.  The ebook is a contribution either to African agrarian historical past and to debates over the position of agriculture in Africa’s fresh financial crises.

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Rethinking the African Diaspora: The Making of a Black by Edna G. Bay,Kristin Mann

By Edna G. Bay,Kristin Mann

due to new learn, we will be able to now paint a extra advanced photo of peoples and cultures within the south Atlantic, from the earliest interval of the slave exchange as much as the current. The 9 papers during this quantity point out dynamic and non-stop flow of peoples east in addition to west around the Atlantic solid various and colourful re-inventions and re-interpretations of the wealthy mixture of cultures represented through Africans and peoples of African descent on either continents.

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El reino olvidado (Historia (la Esfera)) (Spanish Edition) by Antonio M. Carrasco González

By Antonio M. Carrasco González

Cinco siglos de los angeles historia de España den África

Este libro hace un ameno repaso a todos los acontecimientos que marcaron los cincos siglos de historia de los angeles presencia de España en África, el reino olvidado.

Durante l. a. Edad Media el enemigo de los reinos cristianos peninsulares fue el invasor musulmán. El impulso guerrero fue perseguir al enemigo más allá del mar con los angeles finalidad de conjurar nuevas invasiones. Isabel los angeles Católica, en su testamento, reflejó el deseo de los angeles corona de combatir al infiel en el norte africano, tomar posesión de esas tierras en previsión de nuevas incursiones musulmanas, combatir l. a. piratería y controlar los avances turcos en el Mediterráneo Occidental.

En el siglo xix, con el colonialismo europeo, España give some thought toó que Marruecos period asunto suyo. Sentimiento que se avivó ante l. a. pérdida de Cuba, Filipinas y Puerto Rico. Sin embargo, el Protectorado fue un continuo conflicto que marcó l. a. vida nacional del primer tercio del siglo xx y, todavía hoy, no se han resuelto las cuestiones de soberanía en el Sahara Occidental tras los angeles salida española.

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Rule Based Parts of Speech Tagging of Yorùbá Simple by Abiola Oyelere

By Abiola Oyelere

Seminar paper from the 12 months 2013 within the topic African experiences, , language: English, summary: This paper seeks to computationally increase the Yoruba language via designing its rule established tagger. The paintings adopts ordinary thought and rules and Parameters thought to section and educate the pc process of the syntactic constitution of the language via Prolog. a few hundred Yoruba phrases are coded to function lexicon or dictionary.

Through the phrases, a few syntactic ideas are besides programmed. The paintings tags Yoruba components of speech of non-derivative sentences. It finds that now not all Yoruba NPs can supplement prepositions in prepositional words (PPs). it's despite the fact that made recognized that there's have to reclassify Yoruba phrases so one can allow machines like desktops to generate grammatically applicable Yoruba sentences.

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Ngugi wa Thiong’o, Gender, and the Ethics of Postcolonial by Brendon Nicholls

By Brendon Nicholls

This is the 1st finished book-length research of gender politics in Ngugi wa Thiong'o's fiction. Brendon Nicholls argues that mechanisms of gender subordination are strategically the most important to Ngugi's ideological undertaking from his first novel to his newest one. Nicholls describes the old pressures that lead Ngugi to symbolize girls as he does, and indicates that the novels themselves are symptomatic of the cultural stipulations that they deal with. studying Ngugi's fiction when it comes to its Gikuyu allusions and references, a gendered narrative of historical past emerges that creates transgressive areas for ladies. Nicholls bases his dialogue on moments in the course of the Mau Mau uprising while women's contributions to the anticolonial fight couldn't be decreased to a patriarchal narrative of Kenyan historical past, and this interpretive maneuver allows a examining of Ngugi's fiction that incorporates girl political and sexual agency.

Nicholls contributes to postcolonial thought by means of featuring a strategy for interpreting cultural distinction. this system evaluations cultural practices like clitoridectomy in a moral demeanour that seeks to prevent either cultural imperialism and cultural relativisim. His technique of 'performative reading,' that's, making the stipulations of 1 textual content (such as folklore, background, or translation) lively in one other (for instance, fiction, literary narrative, or nationalism), makes attainable a moral studying of gender and of the stipulations of studying in translation.

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