By Christine Mollier

Christine Mollier finds during this quantity formerly unexplored dimensions of the interplay among Buddhism and Taoism in medieval China. whereas students of chinese language religions have lengthy well-known the mutual impacts linking the 2 traditions, Mollier right here brings to mild their excessive contest for hegemony within the domain names of scripture and formality. Drawing on a far-reaching research of canonical texts, including manuscript assets from Dunhuang and the monastic libraries of Japan—many of them studied the following for the 1st time—she demonstrates the contest and complementarity of the 2 nice chinese language religions of their quest to deal with own and collective fears of various ills, together with sorcery, famine, and premature demise. during this context, Buddhist apocrypha and Taoist scriptures have been composed via a strategy of mutual borrowing, yielding parallel texts, Mollier argues, that heavily reflected each other. Life-extending innovations, astrological observances, talismans, spells, and using effigies and icons to unravel the basic preoccupations of medieval society have been equally included in either religions. in lots of instances, consequently, one and an analogous physique of fabric are available in either Buddhist and Taoist guises.

Among the exorcistic, prophylactic, and healing ritual equipment explored right here intimately are the "Heavenly Kitchens" that furnish divine foodstuff to their adepts, incantations that have been promoted to counteract bewitchment, in addition to talismans for achieving durability and the security of stellar deities. The future of the Jiuku Tianzun, the Taoist bodhisattva whose salvific challenge and iconography have been modeled on Guanyin (Avalokitesvara), is tested at size. in the course of the case-studies set forth right here, the styles wherein medieval Buddhists and Taoists each one appropriated and remodeled for his or her personal use the rites and scriptures oftheir competitors are printed with unheard of precision.

Buddhism and Taoism head to head is amply illustrated with drawings and diagrams from canonical and manuscript assets, including paintings and artifacts photographed by way of the writer during her box examine in China. subtle in its research, huge in its synthesis of a number of tough fabric, and unique in its interpretations, it will likely be required examining for these drawn to East Asian religions and within the historical past of the medieval chinese language sciences, together with astrology, medication and divination.

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Buddhism and Taoism Face to Face: Scripture, Ritual, and by Christine Mollier
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